Just like most private companies, cities offer a wide array of benefits to their full-time employees. Cities spend more than $635 million a year on pension and benefit costs for their employees. These costs often include retirement, health insurance, life insurance, dental insurance, and more. They also include all individual city pensions that can no longer accept new members but still have beneficiaries. Employee benefits also cover vacation, sick, and personal days as well as holidays. Some cities have begun offering employee assistance, paid family leave, and wellness programs.