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The state has grown and evolved considerably over the past two centuries. In 1900, the state’s population of urban residents was only 22 percent. Today, a majority of the state’s population is urban. Kentucky’s population now totals over 4.4 million, which is an increase of almost 400,000 from the 2000 count. Just over half of the state’s residents live in one of Kentucky’s 416 incorporated and active cities.

In May 2019, the U.S. Census Bureau released their annual population estimates for cities in Kentucky.  As of July 1, 2018, 55 percent of Kentuckians lived in cities, up from 54 percent in the 2010 Decennial Census.  Since July 1, 2010, the population in Kentucky cities has grown by 4.4 percent, while the population in unincorporated areas of the state has increased by only 1.3 percent.