Kentucky cities are allowed to regulate land use within the construct approved by the Kentucky General Assembly. Cities are not required to enact planning and zoning.
Planning and zoning is an intensive process in which areas of a city, and certain extra-territorial properties, are designated for specific purposes. Such land use zoning is the result of significant planning done on the part of the city. Market studies, demographic trends, infrastructure assessments and any other applicable research are combined into a comprehensive plan that governs the next five years of zoning activities. Ordinances are then passed to enforce those land use and transportation decisions.
Various committees, boards and units are involved in this highly regulated process. Public input must be received in a number of different forms, and an appeals process is in place for those who wish to adjust established zoning requirements.